150 years ago on June 4, 1863, Anson Croman and the 20th Michigan were ordered to leave Kentucky and join General Grant at Vicksburg, Mississippi.
On arrival the 20th Michigan was deployed north of Vicksburg under General Sherman’s command. The main Union forces had surrounded Vicksburg. General Sherman’s forces were protecting their flanks from Confederate General Joe Johnston’s forces.
On July 4, the day after the Confederates were defeated at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Vicksburg surrendered.
Immediately afterward the Union army including the 20th Michigan chased General Johnson’s forces and by July 17 recaptured Jackson, Mississippi. After the Confederates retreated the 20th tore up railroads north of Jackson.
The 20th Michigan remained near Vicksburg until August 4 when it returned to Kentucky.
The capture of Vicksburg secured the Mississippi River for the Union and divided the Confederacy in two.
At times the Union victory at Gettysburg overshadows their capture of Vicksburg. While the war continued for almost two more years, the Confederacy never recovered from those two losses. Both were equally decisive in the military defeat of the Confederacy.
Postal Service issues stamp commemorating the 150th anniversary of the siege of Vicksburg
For more information:
Gettysburg, Vicksburg Civil War Forever Stamps Issued: Third of Five-Year Civil War Sesquicentennial Stamps Series Continues
If Anson Croman wrote letters home, none have survived. Therefore the best way to preserve and share the story of his service is by sharing the history of his regiment. Records document that Anson Croman was with his regiment from his 1862 enlistment until the Confederate surrender at Appomatox, Virginia in 1865.
The Musbachs and Robinsons are direct line descendents of Anson Croman and is my 2nd great-grandfather-in-law.