Posts Tagged ‘July 4 1863’

150th anniversary of Anson Croman and the 20th Michigan at the 1863 siege of Vicksburg

June 4, 2013
Siege of Vicksburg

Map of the campaign at Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi (Click for larger image.)
Regiment symbol north of Vicksburg above “Sherman”: Approximate location of the 20th Michigan from early June to the fall of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863.
Regiment symbol north of Jackson: Approximate location of the 20th Michigan during the assault and recapture of Jackson, Mississippi on July 17, 1863.
Public domain map from the U.S. Military Academy.

150 years ago on June 4, 1863, Anson Croman and the 20th Michigan were ordered to leave Kentucky and join General Grant at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

On arrival the 20th Michigan was deployed north of Vicksburg under General Sherman’s command.  The main Union forces  had surrounded Vicksburg. General Sherman’s forces were protecting their flanks from Confederate General Joe Johnston’s forces.

On July 4, the day after the Confederates were defeated at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Vicksburg surrendered.

Immediately afterward the Union army including the 20th Michigan chased General Johnson’s forces and by July 17 recaptured Jackson, Mississippi. After the Confederates retreated the 20th tore up railroads north of  Jackson.

The 20th Michigan remained near Vicksburg until August 4 when it returned to Kentucky.

The capture of Vicksburg secured the Mississippi River for the Union and divided the Confederacy in two.

At times the Union victory at Gettysburg overshadows their capture of Vicksburg.  While the war continued for almost two more years, the Confederacy never recovered from those two losses. Both were equally decisive in the military defeat of the Confederacy.

Postal Service issues stamp commemorating the 150th anniversary of the siege of  Vicksburg

Vicksburg & Gettysburg stamps

The Battle of Vicksburg stamp is a reproduction of an 1863 lithograph by Currier & Ives titled “Admiral Porter’s Fleet Running the Rebel Blockade of the Mississippi at Vicksburg, April 16th, 1863.”
Copyright © 2013 USPS. Fair use.

For more information:

Vicksburg National Military Park Civil War 150th Events

Anson Croman and the  Civil War: 1863

Anson Croman (20th Michigan Infantry Regiment) and the Civil War

Gettysburg, Vicksburg Civil War Forever Stamps Issued: Third of Five-Year Civil War Sesquicentennial Stamps Series Continues

If Anson Croman wrote letters home, none have survived. Therefore the best way to preserve and share the story of his service is by sharing the history of his regiment. Records document that Anson Croman was with his regiment from his 1862 enlistment until the Confederate surrender at Appomatox, Virginia in 1865.

The Musbachs and Robinsons are direct line descendents of Anson Croman and is my 2nd great-grandfather-in-law.



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